Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title

Applied Catalysis B: Environmental

Publication Date

5-4-2018

Publisher

Elsevier

Volume

236

Abstract

Red mud (RM) is an alkaline waste generated in the Bayer process of alumina production. In the present study red mud supported nickel catalysts (Ni/RM) were prepared at different concentrations of nickel (10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 65 wt.%) and used to hydrodeoxygenate (HDO) pinyon-juniper (PJ) catalytic pyrolysis oil. Increasing the nickel content improved the activity of Ni/RM catalysts for HDO reactions. Maximum organic liquid yield (68.6%) was obtained when 40%Ni/RM was used. The upgraded oil had oxygen content of 1.35 wt.% and higher heating value of 45.77 MJ/kg compared to 24.88 wt.% and 28.41 MJ/kg, respectively, for the crude oil. For comparison, commercial Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 was also evaluated in HDO experiments. The HDO oil properties obtained using 40%Ni/RM at reaction temperature of 400 °C was similar to that of commercial Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 at reaction temperature of 450 °C. However, the organic liquid yield was much higher for 40%Ni/RM (68.6%) compared to the commercial Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 (41.8%). The commercial Ni/SiO2-Al2O3 produced more gas (27.6%) than the 40%Ni/RM (16.4%) and the coke yields for the commercial catalyst and Ni/RM catalyst were 7.3% and 4.2% respectively. Overall, application of Ni/RM improved HDO reactions and reduced cracking and coke formation compared to commercial Ni/SiO2-Al2O3.

First Page

1

Last Page

49

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