Title

Structural proteins of Amsacta moorei, Euxoa auxiliaris and Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxviruses

Document Type

Article

Journal/Book Title/Conference

Journal of Invertebrate Pathology

Volume

39

Issue

3

Publication Date

5-1-1982

First Page

346

Last Page

353

DOI

10.1016/0022-2011(82)90059-3

Abstract

The structural proteins of Amsacta moorei, Euxoa auxiliaris, and Melanoplus sanguinipes entomopoxviruses (EPVs) were separated by electrophoresis on sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gels. More than 35 structural proteins were detected in each virus. Based on the distribution and the variation in the molecular weights of the virus structural proteins little homology was detected between the EPVs and vaccinia virus. The molecular weight of Amsacta EPV occlusion body matrix protein (110,000) was determined by SDS-acrylamide gel electrophoresis. The occlusion body matrix protein of Amsacta EPV occluded virus isolated from infected E. acrea larvae was rapidly degraded at pH 10.6 to peptides of approximately 94,000 and 60,000 daltons. After 2 hr incubation at alkaline pH, Amsacta EPV occlusion body protein was degraded to approximately 56,000 daltons. Proteolysis of occlusion body protein was inhibited by SDS. No proteolytic degradation was detected in occlusion body matrix protein isolated from Amsacta EPV infected BTI-EAA cells. Amino acid analysis indicates that entomopoxvirus occlusion body matrix protein consists of approximately 20% acidic amino acids and 9% of the sulfur-containing amino acids cysteine and methionine.

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