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Honey bees play an important role in agriculture and the decline of honey bee populations worldwide has generated concern. While the application of pesticides in agricultural settings is often implicated in the deterioration of honey bee population health, pesticide applications contain more than just pesticides; they also contain adjuvants that may have detrimental effects to bee health. One known effect of these adjuvants is the increase of viral loads in honey bee larvae (Fine et al. 2017). We are investigating the effects of one class of inert pesticide adjuvant, organosilicone surfactant (OSS), on adult honey bee health.

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