Diffraction Effects in Single‐ and Two‐Laser Photothermal Lens Spectroscopy
A simple method for calculating the effects of optical geometry on photothermal lens signals is shown. This method is based on calculating cumulative electric-field phase shifts produced by a series of Gaussian refractive-index perturbations produced by the photothermal effect. Theoretical results are found for both pulsed-laser and continuous Gaussian laser excitation sources and both single- and two-laser apparatuses commonly employed in photothermal lens spectroscopy. The effects of apparatus geometry on the resulting signal are shown. Analytical time-dependent signal results are found for small signals. Analytical pump–probe focus geometry results allow direct optimization for certain conditions. The calculations indicate that the photothermal lens signal is, in general, optimized for near-field detection-plane geometries.
Diffraction Effects in Single‐ and Two‐Laser Photothermal Lens Spectroscopy Stephen E. Bialkowski and Agnès Chartier Applied Optics 36 6711 1997