Library Synthesis and Antibacterial Investigation of Cationic Anthraquinone Analogs
ACS Combinatorial Science
American Chemical Society
We report the parallel synthesis of a series of novel 4,9-dioxo-4,9-dihydro-1H-naphtho[2,3-d][1,2,3]triazol-3-ium chloride salts, which are analogs to cationic anthraquinones. Three synthetic protocols were examined leading to a convenient and facile library synthesis of the cationic anthraquinone analogs that contain double alkyl chains of various lengths (C2–C12) at N-1 and N-3 positions. The antibacterial activities of these compounds were evaluated against Gram-positive bacterium Staphylococcus aureus and Gram-negative bacterium Escherichia coli. The antibacterial activities of these compounds were expected to be associated with the structural features of naphthoquinone, cation and lypophilic alkyl chain and, interestingly, they showed much higher levels of antibacterial activities against G+ than G– bacteria. In addition, when the total number of carbon atoms of the alkyl groups at both N-1 and N-3 positions lies between 9 and 18, the bactericidal activity against S. aureus increased with increasing alkyl chain length at both N-atoms with MIC ≤ 1 μg/mL.
Fosso, M. Y.; Chan, K. Y.; Gregory, R.; Chang, C.-W. T. "Library Synthesis and Antibacterial Investigation of Cationic Anthraquinone Analogs." ACS Comb. Sci. 2012, 14, 231−235. PubMed PMID: 22324350