Record Low Ionization Potentials of Alkali Metal Complexes with Crown Ethers and Cryptands
Wiley‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
NSF, Division of Chemistry (CHE) 1664379
NSF, Division of Chemistry (CHE)
Electronic properties of series of alkali metals complexes with crown ethers and cryptands were studied via DFT hybrid functionals. For [M([2.2.2]crypt)] (M=Li, Na, K) extremely low (1.70–1.52 eV) adiabatic ionization potentials were found. Such low values of ionization energies are significantly lower than those of alkali metal atoms. Thus, the investigated complexes can be defined as superalkalis. As a result, our investigation opens up new directions in the designing of chemical species with record low ionization potentials and extends the explanation of the ability of the cryptates and alkali crown ether complexes to stabilize multiple charged Zintl ions.
Tkachenko, N. V., Sun, Z.-M., & Boldyrev, A. I. (2019). Record Low Ionization Potentials of Alkali Metal Complexes with Crown Ethers and Cryptands. ChemPhysChem, cphc.201900422. https://doi.org/10.1002/cphc.201900422