IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics
A decision philosophy that seeks the avoidance of error by trading off belief of truth and value of information is applied to the problem of recognizing tracks from multiple targets (MTT). A successful MTT methodology should be robust in that its performance degrades gracefully as the conditions of the collection become less favorable to optimal operation. By stressing the avoidance, rather than the explicit minimization, of error, the authors obtain a decision rule for trajectory-data association that does not require the resolution of all conflicting hypotheses when the database does not contain sufficient information to do so reliably. This rule, coupled with a set-valued Kalman filter for trajectory estimation, results in a methodology that does not attempt to extract more information from the database than it contains.
T. K. Moon, S. E. Budge, W. C. Stirling, and J. Thompson, “Epistemic decision theory applied to multiple target tracking,” IEEE Trans. Syst., Man, Cybern., vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 234–245, Feb. 1994.