Large agencies such as the World Bank, the Millennium Challenge Corporation, the United Nations, regional development banks (such as the Asian Development Bank), and philanthropic organizations (such as the Rockefeller Foundation) are actively engaged in water resources development in low-income countries. Why? And what metrics do they use to decide if the investments of hundreds of millions or billions of dollars in water infrastructure projects are justified? And what accommodations do they tend to make for risks such as climate change? And what attention do they tend to give to questions of equity? I probably have no idea. But I’ve worked with many of these agencies for a decade or so, and I’ll give you what I know, and raise questions for discussion. I’ll plan to use two examples, primarily: Mexico City rural-urban water transfers, and hydropower development in Nepal.
Ray, Patrick, "Water Resources International Development: What On Earth Are We Doing?" (2020). All ECSTATIC Materials. Paper 93.