Scanning Electron Microscopy


Different discrimination effects have been observed for atomic and polyatomic cluster ions when varying the ion lens potential of the laser microprobe mass analyzer. This is attributed to the chromatic aberration of the einzel lens, leading to different effects on ions with different energy distributions. Ion kinetic energy distributions were measured using the cut-off property of an ion reflector. The energies of elemental ions are higher and the energy distributions broader than those of polyatomic ions. Chemically different ion species have different energy distributions. An attempt is made to correlate the instrumental effects with results from ray tracing computer programs.

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