Scanning Electron Microscopy


The luminal surface of mouse bladder urothelium was studied by scanning microscopy 1 year after irradiation with 0, 10 and 20 Gy respectively. The controls that were anaesthetized only displayed surface characteristics indistinguishable from normal urothelium.

Irradiation with 10 Gy did not result in marked overall changes in the scanning electron microscopic features of the luminal aspect, but in some areas alterations comparable to the alterations after 20 Gy were observed. After irradiation with 20 Gy focal hyperplastic areas, superficial early ulceration and dedifferentiation of cover cells were seen. The dedifferentiation to featureless cells is probably not associated with increased proliferation, which in focally hyperplastic areas gives rise to a cobblestone or fuzzy appearance with small superficial cells and with many different surface features. The featureless cells may represent degenerative or agonal changes only, but a preneoplastic nature cannot be ruled out.

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