This paper is intended as an introduction to the field of proton microprobe analysis with special emphasis on applications in biological sciences. It is mainly intended for users of electron microscopes equipped with microprobes or other analytical equipment. The basic principles of Particle Induced X-ray Emission analysis are discussed as well as the instrumental requirements for the proton microprobe. The analytical characteristics including quantification procedures are compared with those of the electron microprobe and a review is given of various analytical applications of the proton microprobe within biology and medicine.
Malmqvist, Klas G.
"Proton Microprobe Analysis in Biology,"
Scanning Electron Microscopy: Vol. 1986
, Article 4.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/electron/vol1986/iss3/4