Scanning Electron Microscopy


The blood vessels of the vestibule and the endolymphatic duct and sac (ES) of the rat were reproduced with methacrylate casting medium and observed under a scanning electron microscope.

Dense capillary networks of the macula utriculi and the macula sacculi were observed. The collecting venules from the vestibule emptied into the vein of the vestibular aqueduct (VVAQ). The plexus of the vessels in the ES was triangular in shape and had anastomoses with vessels of the bone and dura and drained into the VVAQ. The posterior meningeal artery (PMA) gave off two branches to the ES. These findings supported the similarity of the vascularization of the vestibule and the ES between the human and the rat.

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