Date of Award:

1941

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Animal, Dairy, and Veterinary Sciences

Advisor/Chair:

Ralph W. Phillipe

Abstract

Wool as it is shorn from the sheep, is known as grease wool. The first tep in the manufacturing of wool is scouring, or removal of all grease and foreign matter. Within any given grade, as determined by length of staple and fineness of fiber, the yield of clean wool is the primary factor in determining the value of the original grease wool. The price of scoured or clean wool is multiplied by the percentage yield of clean wool to determine the value of the grease wool. Wool is graded and sorted before being scoured by the manufacturer. Large quantities are prepared for the scouring vate and the identity of the grower's clip is lost. Hence, the grower is entirely dependent upon the buyer's estimate of shrinkage or yield of clean wool, unless he obtains a representative sample of his clip and has it scoured to determine the yield. The object of the work reported in this thesis was to obtain information on the variability in yields of clean wool in Utah herds, and to add to work already done on methods of sampling and dtermining yields. Three methods have been used: (1) Whole fleece samples, (2) composite samples, and (3) side samples from individual sheep. Literature concerning each of these methods and other pertinent material is reviewed, and results obtained in Utah are presented.

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