Date of Award:

1946

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Sociology, Social Work, and Anthropology

Advisor/Chair:

Joseph A. Geddes

Abstract

Open country farming in Utah came late in the pioneer period having been preceded by compact settlement in villages. These villages were located on mountain streams near mouths of canyons on higher ground. Reasons for compact settlement were: (1) Early environment probably influenced many of the Utah settlers who came from New England were villages were patterned after the compact European agricultural village. (2) Compact settlement was basic to the plan for the "City of Zion" envisaged by Latter Day Saint leaders in 1833. In Utah, settlement in such villages resulted from adherence of members to precepts of L.D.S. Church authorities. (3) Local conditions in Utah were peculiarly adapted to this type of village. Problems evolving from scarcity of water, community irrigation projects, hostile Indians, and social intercourse were all most adequately provided for in compact settlements. Oopen country farming came after Indian dangers had passed. As population grew, canals wore lengthened and families settled on outlying farms. In Cache Valley, open country communities are now found on the valley floor all the way between Preston, Idaho on the north and Hyrum on the south. Usually such communities are near a trade center. They represent groups which are slowly making adjustments to change. In spite of isolation, urbanization influences are at work in these communities. The purpose of this study was to find out how much the people living in the open country community of Benson were dependent on the near by city of Logan (population 12,000) for supplementing their own community offerings. More specifically the objectives were: 1. To ascertain the nature and extent of the uses made by the people of Benson of (1) their local community agencies and (2) the agencies of other communities. 2. To secure information on the origional cost of the plant and equipment of each of the local community agencies.

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