Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Economics and Finance

Department name when degree awarded


Committee Chair(s)

B. Delworth Gardner


B. Delworth Gardner


Herbert Fullerton


Bartell Jensen


W. Cris Lewis


Stan Albrecht


Since World War I, the federal government of the U.S. has played an increasingly important role in social and economic functions of the American society. Whether by direct employment or through indirect payments to private and public parties, federal programs have an unquestionable impact on the distribution of economic activity among various regions of the U.S. This impact varies directly with the relative magnitude of federal participation in total economic activity of any region.

In certain areas, federal employment reflects the greatest portion of total federal activity. Where this is true, the impact of federal employment on the distribution of economic activity has a concomitant impact on the distribution of population, derived from the association between jobs and people. Hence, the impact of federal participation on the distribution of population can be investigated in the light of the federal impact on economic activity through employment.

Population distribution, however, might be influenced, in addition to employment, by other variables whose magnitudes are to some extent determined by federal participation. Such variables, therefore, should also be considered when federal impact on population distribution is under investigation. Both types of variables are considered in this study.

Federal expenditures in any region are considered in this inquiry as external injections into the economy of that region. To the extent that these expenditures are matched by local tax payments to federal government this is not a correct presumption. To the extent that the federal government is free to use local tax payments in any region of the country, on the other hand, this contention is plausible.



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