Date of Award:

1-1-1969

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Family, Consumer, and Human Development

Advisor/Chair:

C. Jay Skidmore

Abstract

The effects of maternal employment, as contrasted with maternal nonemployment, on the scholastic performance of children we re studied using a sample of 80 Mount Ogden Junior High seventh grade students and their mothers. The 80 mot hers concerned met the criterion for emp loyment by having worked a forty-hour week outside the home the firs t six years their child at t ended school or the criteria of nonemployment by hav ing never engaged in paid employment outside the home for the first six years of their child's schoolin g . Of nine areas tested between the two groups no s ignificant difference was found concerning grade point average , reading achi evement scores, absenteeisms, 10 Q ~ , c onduct scores , education of the mother, and the number of hours that the mother and child spent toge ther on a school day. A s i gni ficant difference at the .01 l eve l was found when comparing the numbe r of children in the family of employed mo thers (3. 3 ch ild r en) to the families of nonemployed mothers (4.5 chi l dren). A high posi tive correlation was found be tween the mother's at t itude t oward her work or nonwork status and the child' s scholastic achievement . It was noted that the study o f a tti LUd t~ , in itself, was not sufficient Attitudes must be pursued i n terms of their manifestation in the home, whether they be positively or negatively expressed , and it must be determined whether or no t a child in grades one t o s ix can perceive and interpret these manifestations realistically.

Comments

The effects of maternal employment, as contrasted with maternal nonemployment, on the scholastic performance of children we re studied using a sample of 80 Mount Ogden Junior High seventh grade students and their mothers. The 80 mot hers concerned met the criterion for emp loyment by having worked a forty-hour week outside the home the firs t six years their child at t ended school or the criteria of nonemployment by hav ing never engaged in paid employment outside the home for the first six years of their child's schoolin g . Of nine areas tested between the two groups no s ignificant difference was found concerning grade point average , reading achi evement scores, absenteeisms, 10 Q ~ , c onduct scores , education of the mother, and the number of hours that the mother and child spent toge ther on a school day. A s i gni ficant difference at the .01 l eve l was found when comparing the numbe r of children in the family of employed mo thers (3. 3 ch ild r en) to the families of nonemployed mothers (4.5 chi l dren). A high posi tive correlation was found be tween the mother's at t itude t oward her work or nonwork status and the child' s scholastic achievement . It was noted that the study o f a tti LUd t~ , in itself, was not sufficient Attitudes must be pursued i n terms of their manifestation in the home, whether they be positively or negatively expressed , and it must be determined whether or no t a child in grades one t o s ix can perceive and interpret these manifestations realistically.

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