Date of Award:
Master of Science (MS)
Family, Consumer, and Human Development
C. Jay Skidmore
The effects of maternal employment, as contrasted with maternal nonemployment, on the scholastic performance of children we re studied using a sample of 80 Mount Ogden Junior High seventh grade students and their mothers. The 80 mot hers concerned met the criterion for emp loyment by having worked a forty-hour week outside the home the firs t six years their child at t ended school or the criteria of nonemployment by hav ing never engaged in paid employment outside the home for the first six years of their child's schoolin g . Of nine areas tested between the two groups no s ignificant difference was found concerning grade point average , reading achi evement scores, absenteeisms, 10 Q ~ , c onduct scores , education of the mother, and the number of hours that the mother and child spent toge ther on a school day. A s i gni ficant difference at the .01 l eve l was found when comparing the numbe r of children in the family of employed mo thers (3. 3 ch ild r en) to the families of nonemployed mothers (4.5 chi l dren). A high posi tive correlation was found be tween the mother's at t itude t oward her work or nonwork status and the child' s scholastic achievement . It was noted that the study o f a tti LUd t~ , in itself, was not sufficient Attitudes must be pursued i n terms of their manifestation in the home, whether they be positively or negatively expressed , and it must be determined whether or no t a child in grades one t o s ix can perceive and interpret these manifestations realistically.
Zins, Sandra Jean, "The Effects of Maternal Employment on the Scholastic Performance of Children" (1969). All Graduate Theses and Dissertations. 2253.
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