Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Family Consumer Human Development

Department name when degree awarded

Family and Human Development

Committee Chair(s)

Glen O. Jenson


Glen O. Jenson


Patricia Gardner


Thomas Lee


The data for this study were obtained in October 1989 through the use of a 128-item questionnaire given to students attending an alternative high school in Ogden, Utah. The Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale was included as part of the questionnaire. A total of 166 usable questionnaires were received from the students.

The objectives of this research were to determine if relationships between self-esteem, race, gender, and religion and time use could be detected in at-risk adolescents. The data collected indicate that self-esteem, religion, gender, and race have only slight significance upon the self-reported time use of the alternative high school student.

The alternative high school students came from multiple economic and social backgrounds but were quite homogeneous in their perceptions about Sunday and in their activities on Sunday.

Statistical significance was noted in the comparisons of self-esteem and gender to self-reported time use. Those students with high self-esteem viewed Sunday more as a day of little or no accomplishment than those with low self-esteem. Gender appears to influence how time is spent, as significant differences were found in the amount of TV watched by boys ad girls as well as in time spent goofing off and in preparing and eating meals.

Comparisons between members of the two dominant religions, Catholicism and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, produced no statistical significance regarding religion and Sunday self-reported time use. Comparisons between students of the two dominant races, Caucasian and Hispanic, produced no statistical significance regarding race and Sunday self-reported time use.