Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Family, Consumer, and Human Development


Ann M. Berghout Austin


There is very little research to date on infant development in developing countries, including Paraguay. The present study aimed to determine the effects of Pastoral del Nino, an ECD program, in rural Paraguay by assessing two groups of infants. Group I (n = 50) was receiving no intervention and group 2 (n =58) was participating in Pastoral del Nino. Both groups were matched for SES and age of infant. Results indicate that group 2 performed better on the Bayley Scales of Infant Development Mental Development Index. Group I had a mean MDI score of77.96 and group 2 had a mean score of 85.07 (t= -3 .143, I 04 df,p=.002). Group 2 also scored significantly higher on the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME; t = -5.373, 105 df, p = .00 I). More research is needed to determine exactly which variables have the greatest impact in infant development in rural Paraguay.