Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Civil and Environmental Engineering


Steven L Barfuss


A physical experimental setup of a circular, gated closed conduit was built at the Utah Water Research Laboratory (UWRL). Setup configurations were modified and data were measured to aid in the study of physical variables on air demand. It was determined that gate opening, gate and water surface roughness, and conduit length all were significant variables on the air demand measured through the conduit air vent. It was also determined that no noticeable air velocity profile existed above the air-water interface. A linear relationship was found between the air flow rate to water flow rate ratio (air-demand ratio) and head-to-gate height ratio when identical conduit geometry was used. Data obtained from this study illustrated that the use of the Froude number is an incomplete way to quantify air demand due to the effects of changing conduit geometry.