Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Doctor of Education (EdD)


School of Teacher Education and Leadership

Committee Chair(s)

John F. VanDerslice


John F. VanDerslice


Neill C. Slack


William E. Mortimer


James A. Jacobson


Elwin G. Eastman


The purpose of this study was to investigate, compare, and analyze personal-social needs of rural and urban students who were preparing for occupations in the industrial education areas.

The study was a descriptive research which employed the survey technique using the Minnesota Importance Questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered to high school students in the state of Utah classified in two categories: 151 industrial and agricultural students enrolled in rural high schools and 91 industrial vocational students enrolled in urban high schools.

Major findings . The rural and urban students possessed similar vocational needs. To the entire student sample, advancement, security, and ability utilization were considered most impo rtant; while independence, social status, and authority were considered least important. A small percentage of the students were actually preparing for occupations which corresponded to their selected job clusters. Both rural and urban students selected professional and semi-professional occupations as the vocational areas in which their needs would be most likely met.

Major conclusions. Students want to work with others, but they do not want to tell others what to do. Supervisors want workers who will obey instructions and go ahead on their own to complete a task. Students have greater vocational needs than the occupations for which they are training appear able to provide. If behavioral objectives were to be written on the state level in the affective domain and with vocational needs in mind, it would appear that the objectives would be functional for both rural and urban groups. Due to the students' high vocational needs, it would be difficult for many students to find complete job satisfaction in occupations in clusters 7 and 9, which are manual occupations.



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