Date of Award:

5-1956

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Plants, Soils, and Climate

Advisor/Chair:

H. B. Peterson

Abstract

Considerable experimental evidence supports the concept that the growth of plants generally decreases progressively as the salt concentration of the substrate increases, but certain relationships between plant and substrate are still not fully understood. The chemistry of salt toxicity to plants involves many interactions both as to the quantity and kind of ions presented to the roots and those accumulated in the plants. Many plant species have shown sensitivity to excess accumulation of specific salts frequently encountered in saline soils. Thus Eaton (1942), Wadleigh, Hayward, and Ayers (1951 ) have shown most of the fruit trees to be susceptible to injury as a result of the accumulation of chloride ion. Wadleigh, et al. (1951) have reported orchard grass to be sensitive to calcium salts. Recently, Brown, Wadleigh, and Hayward (1953) have found calcium chloride more toxic to some fruit trees than isosmotic levels of sodium chloride. These and other studies have indicated a greater influence of specific ions than of the osnotic pressure of the solution.

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Soil Science Commons

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