Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Department name when degree awarded

Food Science and Industries

Committee Chair(s)

Carl A. Ernstrom


Carl A. Ernstrom


G. H. Richardson


D. Morgan


M. Cannon


A procedure was developed for measuring residual rennin activity in curd extracts and whey. A sensitive substrate at pH 5.8 was prepared by mixing 6 grams of low-heat nonfat dry milk in 500 milliliters buffer containing 0.05 molar cacodylic acid, 0.02 molar calcium chloride, and 0.012 molar triethanolamine, and storing it at 2 degrees centigrade for 18 hours. Two milliliters of whey or curd extract were inoculated into 25 milliliters of substrate at 30 degrees centigrade. The coagulation time was measured and compared to that induced by 2 milliliters of a known rennin concentration added at the same time to identical substrate. Recovery of activity was determined by adjusting milk samples to pH 5.20 and coagulating them with a known concentration of rennin. The clot was broken by agitation and the curd separated from the whey by centrifugation. Activities accounted for in the curd and whey amounted to 91±1.6 per cent the activity added to the milk. Maximum release of activity from curd was achieved by diluting the curd 1:15 with water and adjusting the pH to 6.80. Inclusion of curd particles with the inoculum decreased the sensitivity of the substrate.