Date of Award:

1974

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Department name when degree awarded

Nutrition and Food Science

Advisor/Chair:

T. A. Gillett

Abstract

Salt soluble extracts from mechanically deboned mutton were significantly higher (P < .01) in pH than the extracts from the hand boned mutton. An associated trend toward greater extractability, however, was not significant. Variation in emulsifying capacity between extracts from carcass parts were highly significant yet significant variation did not occur in the emulsifying capacity of hand versus mechanically deboned mutton. A new term, extractable- emulsifying capacity is presented which incorporates the extractability and emulsifying capacity of meat extracts into one value which should more accurately estimate the contribution of a meat ingredient in forming a stable sausage emulsion.

Salami, utilizing mutton, was formulated from experimental results which indicated that up to 10 percent mutton fat and 68 percent mutton lean was acceptable to panelists. Pork was preferred to beef for use in combination with mutton as determined by panel scores, however disagreement was noted between panelists. Panelists were unable to detect flavor, moisture or texture differences between the final mutton salami and a commercial beef and pork formulation. They did however prefer the appearance of the mutton salami (P < .05).

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