Date of Award:

1984

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Department name when degree awarded

Nutrition and Food Sciences

Advisor/Chair:

C. A. Ernstrom

Abstract

Cheddar cheese was made by the traditional 4.5-h method from three experimental lots of milk, each standardized to casein/fat ratios of approximately 0.64, 0.67 and 0.70. The effect of casein/fat ratio on milk fat recovery was determined. The effects of milk composition on curd firmness at cutting, cheese composition and resulting yield of cheese were evaluated. Correlations between milk constituents and various cheese components were obtained. Milk fat recovery was unaffected by casein/fat ratios within the limits of 0.64 and 0.71. Average milk fat recovery was 91.58 ± 1.73%. Cheese yield was a function of milk protein, milk fat and cheese moisture; and a modified Van Slyke equation predicted cheese yield better than the original equation within the limits of casein/fat ratio studied. Strong negative correlations were observed between casein/fat ratio and cheese fat and cheese fat in the dry matter whereas positive correlations were observed between casein/fat ratio and cheese protein. At constant protein levels curd firmness increased directly with the amount of fat in cheese milk.

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Included in

Food Science Commons

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