Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Committee Chair(s)

Daren P. Cornforth


Daren P. Cornforth


Charles Carpenter


Kenneth Olson


This study compared the effect of packaging method (0.4% carbon monoxide, 80% oxygen or vacuum), storage time (7, 14 and 21 days) and internal cooking temperature 49, 57, 66, 71 and 79°C) on color and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) values of top sirloin steaks and ground beef patties. Ground beef was obtained from 3 different sources (chuck, loin and trim). All samples were stored at 2°C for 7, 14 and 21 days.

All raw ground beef samples stored in 0.4% carbon monoxide remained bright red throughout the 21-day storage period. The phenomenon of premature browning (appearance of cooked color at lower than normal cooking temperatures) was observed in samples stored in high oxygen. TBA values were highest for the samples stored in 80% oxygen. Internal a* redness values were lowest for samples stored in 80% oxygen. Percent myogobin denaturation (PMD) increased with increase in internal cooking temperature and was highest for the ground beef samples stored in 80% oxygen.

The a* redness values were highest for raw steaks stored in 0.4% CO. Steaks stored in vacuum had a uniform purple color, but some browning was noticed on the surface of the samples by day 14. PMD and TBA values of cooked top sirloin steaks were highest for the samples stored in 80% oxygen

This study confirms that high oxygen packaging promotes rancidity in ground beef and top sirloin steaks. Packaging in 0.4% carbon monoxide helps maintain a bright cherry red color in ground beef and top sirloin steaks for up to 21 days.