Date of Award:

2006

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

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Department:

Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences

Department name when degree awarded

Nutrition and Food Sciences

Advisor/Chair:

Ilka Nemere

Abstract

The steroid hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3] rapidly stimulates the uptake of phosphate in isolated chick intestinal cells , while the steroid 24,25- dihydroxyvitamin D3 [24,25(OH)2D3] inhibits the rapid stimulation by l,25(OH)2D3. Earlier work in this laboratory has indicated that a cellular binding protein for the 24,25(OH)2D3 is the enzyme catalase. Since binding resulted in decreased catalase activity and increased H2O2 production, studies were undertaken to determine if pro-oxidant conditions mimicked the inhibitory actions of 24,25(OH)2D3, and anti-oxidant conditions prevented the inhibitory actions of 24,25(OH)2D3. An antibody against a putative 24,25(OH)2D3 binding protein was found to neutralize the inhibitory effect of the steroid on 1,25(OH)2D3-mediated 32P uptake (P2D3, each in Cells exposed to hormone alone again showed an increased accumulation of 32P from T=5-10 min, while cells treated with catalase inhibitor and hormone had uptake levels that were indistinguishable from controls. We tested whether inactivation of protein kinase C (PKC), the signaling pathway for 32P uptake, occurred. Incubation of cells with 100 nM phorbol-13-myristate (PMA) increased 32P uptake to 143% of controls, while cells pretreated with 50 μM H2O2 prior to PMA did not exhibit increased uptake. Likewise, PMA significantly increased PKC activity at T=1-3 min (P2O2 prior to PMA did not. It is concluded that catalase has a central role in mediating rapid responses to steroid hormones.

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