Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Doctor of Education (EdD)




David R. Stone


It is to be observed that delinquent children are socially and to a degree, emotionally maladjusted. This social and emotional maladjustment includes:

I. Children who are extremely disruptive, destructive, hostile, impulsive and delinquent.

II. Children who are immature, overfearful, withdrawn, uncommunicative, apathetic, and readily thrown off balance.

III. Children of good intelligence but with severe learning disabilities resulting in poor academic achievement. One rarely finds such a child who does not also manifest a more general pattern of emotional disorders.

IV. Children with severe psychic disorders as diagnosed by clinicians.

The adherents of the psychiatric approach to delinquency have typically regarded antisocial behavior as a result of emotional disturbance in an individual. All deviant behavior is seen as a make-up of something in the individual which may be labeled variously as personal disorganization, intrapsychic conflict, or "maladjusted personality," and this psychological "sickness" interferes with the normal development of conformity (Aichhorn, 1935 ; Fenichel, 1945; Karpman, 1935; Redland and Wineman, 1951, 1952; Zilborg, 1943).

There is an extensive overlapping and interchanging of symptoms among these children. However, it was noted from a review of the literature and from a study of a fairly large sample at the Utah State Industrial School (here-in-after referred to as SIS) that there are several reasonably well differentiated fundamental patterns of behavior displayed by maladjusted children.



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