Date of Award:

1971

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Psychology

Advisor/Chair:

Roland Bergeson

Abstract

Modified versions of the Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale (CMAS) and Marlow·-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (MCSDS) were administered to 40 normal and 29 retarded elementary school children to determine the effects of response sets upon CMAS scores. The results of the research indicated that CMAS scores obtained from retarded subjects reflect the use of acquiescence and denial response sets. Acquiescence response set did not affect the CMAS scores of normal children although there was a negative relationship between their CMAS scores and social desirability. The higher anxiety scores obtained by normal girls was felt to reflect their lower use of social desirability as compared to boys. Normal boys obtained higher social desirability scores which seemed to account for their lower anxiety scores.

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