Date of Award:

1973

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Psychology

Advisor/Chair:

John Priollaud

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to assess the identity anchorage of persons in different societal positions.

Four experimental groups were chosen to represent different societal positions, namely, students, musicians, management personnel, and nonmanagement personnel. There were 93 subjects involved in these four groups. Each subject was presented with an adapted version of the Twenty Statements Test and a questionnaire to obtain biographical data. The statements made on the Twenty Statements Test were then placed into one of the following categories: physical characteristics; social roles and institutions; characteristic ways of acting, feeling or responding in social interaction; and, broad nondifferentiating statements or denial of identity. These four modes were designated as representing the identity anchorages of a person.

The salient modes of identity anchorage for each of the four experimental groups was that of characteristic ways of acting, feeling, or responding in social interaction.

Two significant differences were obtained. One was that the musician sample had a significantly higher mean score of responses identifying with social roles and institutions than did the other experimental groups, and the other significant difference indicated females to identify with social roles and institutions more than males. Both of these differences were interpreted with caution as sampling error was present.

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