Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)


Wildland Resources

Committee Chair(s)

Barbara J. Bentz


Barbara J. Bentz


Edward W. Evans


James N. Long


High-dose verbenone, verbenone plus nonhost volatiles (NHVs), and both semiochemicals in combination with aggregant-baited funnel traps were tested for stand- level protection against mountain pine beetle attack for two consecutive years (2004-2005) at three seral high elevation whitebark pine sites in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. In 2004, two 0.25-hectare treatments comprised of 25 high-dose verbenone pouches or verbenone pouches combined with single baited funnel traps were tested in a push-pull strategy. In 2005, 25 high-dose verbenone and 25 NHV pouches, or verbenone and NHV in combination with baited funnel trap clusters were tested. In both years, treatments were compared to 0.25-hectare control plots with no semiochemicals or funnel traps. The proportion of trees attacked by mountain pine beetle in treated plots was significantly reduced, when compared to control plots, at only one site treated with verbenone in 2004, and at only one site in 2005. High-dose verbenone alone, verbenone and NHVs, and both semiochemicals combined with baited funnel traps in a push-pull strategy did not consistently reduce the proportion of mountain pine beetle attacked trees relative to control plots. No covariates tested, including stand density, beetle population size, or tree size were consistently significant in explaining proportion of trees attacked.