Date of Award:

5-2010

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Master of Science (MS)

Department:

Civil and Environmental Engineering

Advisor/Chair:

Dr. Paul J. Barr

Abstract

The Utah Department of Transportation (UDOT) is interested in the application of rehabilitation techniques to strengthen their AASTHO prestressed bridge girders for shear. Utah's bridges are exposed to deterioration from rain, snow, and the introduction of salt for ice removable. This requires innovative rehabilitation techniques to address the deteriorations of their highway bridges, especially the ends of bridge girders where water and salt are more common due to construction joints. Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymers (CFRP) are becoming more prevalent as a tool in highway bridge rehabilitation. This research investigates the application of various CFRP systems that can be used as shear reinforcement for prestressed concrete girders. The experimental program involved full-scale destructive testing of six 40-year-old, AASHTO prestressed I-girders that were salvaged from the 45th South/I-215 bridge in Salt Lake City, Utah. The testing involved retrofitting five of the girders with various configurations of CFRP fabric. Based on the initial tests, the most effective configuration was then applied to another set of I-shaped concrete girders for verifications. After the experimental testing, two analytical models developed for predicting the additional shear contribution of the CFRP reinforcement were compared with the measured results from the experimental program. After testing and comparisons, a CFRP reinforcement configuration and theoretical model was selected as a reliable and effective method for application of external shear reinforcement of AASHTO prestressed I-shaped girders.

Comments

This work was revised and made publicly available electronically on July 28, 2011

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