Date of Award:

1-1990

Document Type:

Thesis

Degree Name:

Educational Specialist (EdS)

Department:

Communicative Disorders and Deaf Education

Department name when degree awarded

Communicative Disorders

Advisor/Chair:

Dr. James Blair

Co-Advisor/Chair:

Dr. Donald Sisson

Abstract

Research endeavoring to determine the effect of a mild sensorineural hearing-impairment on academic performance has resulted in conflicting conclusions. To date, there has been limited research on the educational implications of a mild hearing loss in the elementary grades but very few studies have utilized a normal-hearing control group to compare with the hearing-impaired and none have examined whether a relationship exists beyond sixth grade. This study measured the academic performance of mildly hearing-impaired children by comparing them with their normal-hearing counterparts. The achievement scores of the Iowa Test of Basic Skills from twelve pairs of children in the 5th through 8th grades were compared. The results revealed no statistical significance between the two groups for grade levels, age, or subject matter areas. However, the grade equivalent mean score of the hearing-impaired group was poorer than that of the normal hearing control group in the 4th and 5th grade. Scores on sub-tests were also lower for the hearing-impaired students during these same grades. After 5th grade a pattern was not observed, with this small number of students. The study discusses the implications of these results indicating the hearing-impaired student is at academic risk through 5th grade.

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