Date of Award:

12-2018

Document Type:

Dissertation

Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department:

Electrical and Computer Engineering

Advisor/Chair:

Todd K. Moon

Co-Advisor/Chair:

Scott E. Budge

Third Advisor:

Mark E. Fels

Abstract

The work in this dissertation is focused on two areas within the general discipline of statistical signal processing. First, several new algorithms are developed and exhaustively tested for solving the inverse problem of compressive sensing (CS). CS is a recently developed sub-sampling technique for signal acquisition and reconstruction which is more efficient than the traditional Nyquist sampling method. It provides the possibility of compressed data acquisition approaches to directly acquire just the important information of the signal of interest. Many natural signals are sparse or compressible in some domain such as pixel domain of images, time, frequency and so forth. The notion of compressibility or sparsity here means that many coefficients of the signal of interest are either zero or of low amplitude, in some domain, whereas some are dominating coefficients. Therefore, we may not need to take many direct or indirect samples from the signal or phenomenon to be able to capture the important information of the signal. As a simple example, one can think of a system of linear equations with N unknowns. Traditional methods suggest solving N linearly independent equations to solve for the unknowns. However, if many of the variables are known to be zero or of low amplitude, then intuitively speaking, there will be no need to have N equations. Unfortunately, in many real-world problems, the number of non-zero (effective) variables are unknown. In these cases, CS is capable of solving for the unknowns in an efficient way. In other words, it enables us to collect the important information of the sparse signal with low number of measurements. Then, considering the fact that the signal is sparse, extracting the important information of the signal is the challenge that needs to be addressed. Since most of the existing recovery algorithms in this area need some prior knowledge or parameter tuning, their application to real-world problems to achieve a good performance is difficult. In this dissertation, several new CS algorithms are proposed for the recovery of sparse signals. The proposed algorithms mostly do not require any prior knowledge on the signal or its structure. In fact, these algorithms can learn the underlying structure of the signal based on the collected measurements and successfully reconstruct the signal, with high probability. The other merit of the proposed algorithms is that they are generally flexible in incorporating any prior knowledge on the noise, sparisty level, and so on.

The second part of this study is devoted to deployment of mobile sensors in circumstances that the number of sensors to sample the entire region is inadequate. Therefore, where to deploy the sensors, to both explore new regions while refining knowledge in aleady visited areas is of high importance. Here, a new framework is proposed to decide on the trajectories of sensors as they collect the measurements. The proposed framework has two main stages. The first stage performs interpolation/extrapolation to estimate the phenomenon of interest at unseen loactions, and the second stage decides on the informative trajectory based on the collected and estimated data. This framework can be applied to various problems such as tuning the constellation of sensor-bearing satellites, robotics, or any type of adaptive sensor placement/configuration problem. Depending on the problem, some modifications on the constraints in the framework may be needed. As an application side of this work, the proposed framework is applied to a surrogate problem related to the constellation adjustment of sensor-bearing satellites.

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