Date of Award:

12-2019

Document Type:

Dissertation

Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department:

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Committee

Cheng-Wei Tom Chang

Committee

Alvan C. Hengge

Committee

Joan M. Hevel

Abstract

Amphiphilic kanamycin is one of the promising class of compounds for the treatment of fungal infections in plants and animal. Factor that lead to the restricting of compounds for commercialization includes, the higher cost of production and poor stability of the compound. However, the new lead, identified from the synthesis and biological testing, can be synthesized on a large scale with a cost comparable to commercial antifungals. The newly reported lead is stable at the acidic and basic conditions. Additionally, this compound has an excellent activity towards Candida auris, a multidrug-resistant superbug.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States most of which are caused by cardiac ischemia and arrhythmias. Abnormal opening of Cx43 hemichannel can damage the heart muscles and lead to these conditions. A compound which can selectively inhibit the opening of Cx43 hemichannel may pave the way to reducing the mortality rate of heart disease. A selective inhibitor towards Cx43 hemichannel is explored from the synthesis and biological testing of kanamycin derivatives. The synthesis of the new inhibitor is scalable and cost-effective.

Checksum

9eac0c6410fef99c2828384b7b348ce4

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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