Date of Award:


Document Type:


Degree Name:

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Committee Chair(s)

Regan Zane


Regan Zane


Hongjie Wang


Todd Moon


Randall Christensen


Nicholas Flann


Electrified transportation and integration of renewable energy in the electric power grid requires the use of power electronic converters for integrating different forms of power; from ac to dc, dc to ac, dc to dc, etc. Recent trend towards electrifying automobiles, aircraft and ships, and increasing penetration of renewable energy has increased the required power levels and number of the power electronics converters connected together in a dc microgrid system. Stable operation of these interfacing converters for all operating conditions has been a topic of renewed interest in the last couple of decades. Traditionally, dc microgrids have been designed conservatively to handle the worst case conditions. However, increasing power capacity of emerging dc microgrids causes this conservative design to become cost and size prohibitive, and over-designing causes the system to become slow and unable to handle fast loads such as pulsed power loads, radars etc. To reduce the dependency on passives components and to increase system response speed, recent literature proposed techniques using control so that the system may be designed with smaller filters and guaranteed with system stability. Traditional design of dc microgrids extend the existing stability analysis techniques originally developed to analyze stability of cascaded power converters. This proved to be useful in the design stages for systems with duplicated power sources/loads like in solar systems. However, the existing stability analysis methods are not applicable for online evaluation of stability and for control-based stabilization in a dynamic system with reconfiguration and addition/removal of various kinds of sources and loads.

This dissertation first develops a general stability criterion which is easily applicable to complex dc microgrids, and highly suitable for online evaluation of stability. Next, an online stability monitoring system is developed based on the new criterion which uses incremental continuous injection by an existing converter interfacing energy storage in the system and continuously evaluates system stability margin. Furthermore, this dissertation develops an active stability control for dc microgrids which utilizes the evaluation of the continuous monitor and provides additional damping without adding any passive filters. The theory and techniques developed in this dissertation are demonstrated on a lab scale 2 kW dc microgrid.