Utah State University Extension
The purpose of this fact sheet is to give youth and their parents a basic guide of what signs and symptoms to watch for to prevent illness or death. It includes instructions on how to take vitals, how to assist the veterinarian when called, the compiling of materials for a first aid kit, proper antibiotic administration, vaccinations, and preventive practices that the youth can implement while caring for their animal.
Nay, Karah; Garcia, Matthew D.; Rood, Kerry A.; and Walker, Chelsea, "Proper Care and Management of Common Health Concerns with 4-H Steers and Heifers" (2018). All Current Publications. Paper 1896.