Utah State University Extension
Integrated pest management (IPM) is the practice of combining knowledge of the pest and host plant with multiple tactics for long-term, safe pest control. The goal of IPM is pesticide reduction by using cultural, mechanical, and biological controls before the last option, pesticides.
Murray, Marion; Alston, Diane; and Nischwitz, Claudia, "Utah Home Orchard Pest Management Guide" (2012). All Current Publications. Paper 979.