Food Structure


The effects of seeding with fine crystal powders on the physical properties of dark chocolate are re viewed in terms of the polymorphism and crystallization behavior of cocoa butter (CBJ and of its major fat constituents. The polymorphic structure of four symmetric mixed acids saturated -oleic-saturated (Sat-0- Sat) triacylglycerols (TAGs I [POP (1 ,3-dipalmitoyl-2- oleoyl-glyceroll ;SOS I 1 ,3-distearoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol); AOA (1 ,3-diarachidoyl-2-oleoyl-glycerol); and BOB 11 ,3-dibehenoyl-2-oleoyl-glyceroi)J. and of tristearoylglycerol (SSSI are briefly explained. An attempt is made at replacing the currently used tempering meth ~ ad in the chocolate solidification process, by a simple cooling technique using fat seed crystals. CB (form VI). SOS 1/i11. BOB (pseudo-/i·l. BOB i/i2), and SSS 1/il are examined as seed materials. The addition of all powders accelerated the crystallization of dark chocolate. Fat bloom stability is also improved by the seed crystals, except w ith SSS. The effect is highly dependent on the physical properties of the seed material employed. The most influencing factors are the similarities in the polymorphic behavior between the seed material and cocoa butter, especially, chain length structure. Thermal stability of the seed crystal is also very important. In view of all physical properties examined, the present review concludes that the p2 form of BOB performs best as a seed material. In particular, it gives rise to an accelerated crystallization of form V of CB and moderates change in viscosity and antibloom effects after thermal incubation of dark chocolate below and above the melting point of CB.

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