During the summers of 1980 and 1981, field validation tests were conducted in 11 different areas in Montana and northern Idaho. The objectives of this research were (1) to evaluate several common methods of determining cover/forage ratios, (2) to evaluate several different road-influence models, and (3) to determine the combination of cover/forage function and road model that best describes actual elk selection among different available habitats.
United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, "Field Tests of Elk/Timber Coordination Guidelines" (1984). Forestry. Paper 12.