Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Agricultural Systems Technology and Education


George T. Blanch


Throughout the history of mankind there always have been famines, disease, and poverty in some parts of the world, and this has been because of economic under - development to a great extent. For nearly a century after the publication of Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations" in 1776, economic development was the main interest of economists . In the late nineteenth century, Europe, America, and Australia were developing rapidly and few people were interested in raising the incomes of Africans, Arabs, and Asians . Most of the countries in Africa and Asia were under European colonial rule, and being so, these countries were kept as sources of raw materials and markets for manufactuered goods by the mother country . Even then, however, there were economists and statesmen whose major concern was economic development.