Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
International economic sanctions are not singularly modem phenomena. In ancient Greece, Pericles of Athens enacted the Megerian Decree in 432 BC in response to hostile acts taken against it by neighboring Megera. Later, during the American Revolutionary War, Thomas Jefferson encouraged the use of sanctions as an effective tool of coercive foreign policy to be used against the colonists' enemies. Since then, following the historical precedence of economic acts like the Megerian Decree, economic sanctions have continued to be used as tools of coercive diplomatic policy. For example, following World War I, President Woodrow Wilson encouraged the use of economic sanctions as an equally strong, but less costly alternative to the use of military force. However, even though economic sanctions have long been used in attempts to force desired responses out of target nations (especially unilateral sanctions), they have seldom achieved their stated foreign policy goals.
Ingram, Harold Lee, "Economic Sanctions: Their Ineffectiveness at Attaining Their Stated Foreign Policy Goals with Specific Reference to the Cuban Case" (2000). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 1500.
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