Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Health, Physical Education, and Recreation


Eadric Bressel


Aquatic therapies have been used in some of the earliest human civilizations. Examples can be seen in China, ancient Rome and even in the early history of U.S. settlements.1,2 Over the past few years aquatic environments have become a more common method for rehabilitation, injury prevention, and cross training. Additionally, research has observed that aquatic exercise may assist in pain relief, swelling reduction, and ease of movement due to the pressure and warmth of water.7 Aquatic environments can also be used to reduce forces placed on the lower extremities by reducing the weight of the subject through buoyancy.3 Buoyancy can unload a participant’s body weight by as much as 70% when submerged to the xiphoid process.