Date of Award
Master of Science (MS)
Nutrition, Dietetics, and Food Sciences
Ethelwyn B. Wilcox
America has been known throughout its history as a land of plenty . Enough food to feed a rapidly increasing population has been produced continuously . Scientific progress has made it possible for fewer farm workers to produce larger amounts of food both from increased acreage and increased yield per acre . With today's nationwide network of distribution , these foods have been made available throughout all sections of the country . Modern science and industry have taken over many of the processing duties of the homemaker and have done it on a less expensive and a much safer scale. Food of any season from any geographic area is within economical reach of the American consumer. Today's families are better fed than those of a generation ago. Malnutrition or undernutrition is present where socio-economic conditions are on the lowest level but, generally, it is distinctly uncommon to find such cases. Instead, there is more and more concern over the increasing number of overweight and obese persons. Obesity is the number one health problem in the United States and weight control is called the "American Preoccupation." Twenty to forty percent of the American population is above the ideal weight for age and height. No age group has escaped; overweight appears with increasing frequency from infancy to old age.
Jensen, Naomi, "Weight Reduction Problems as Shown by a Review of Literature and a Survey of Weight Reduction Groups" (1964). All Graduate Plan B and other Reports. 871.