Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Chair(s)

JoAnn Tschanz


Gretchen Gimpel


Patricia Truhn


A traumatic brain injury is an acquired injury to the brain caused by an external physical

force, resulting in total or partial functional disability or psychosocial impairment that adversely

affects a child's educational performance. It is considered the leading cause of mortality and

disability among children with estimates of over one million occurrences each year. The 1990

revision of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act included Traumatic Brain Injury as a

special education diagnostic category. Although this allowed students greater access to

appropriate services, it pointed out the need for additional knowledge and training for educators

working with this population. Therefore, a review of published studies on assessment and

school-based interventions for students with TBI was conducted. Assessment included both

formal, standardized measures and informal methods. Despite the apparent need, few empirical

studies have examined rehabilitation for children and adolescents who have sustained a head

injury. Treatment approaches were divided into three categories: cognitive remediation,

social/behavioral interventions, and the impact of the family on child outcome. Evidence was

found supporting all three areas, but more studies are needed to confirm the findings as well as

study the duration of effects over time. Finally, recommendations for components of a school based

intervention program are outlined.

Included in

Psychology Commons