Utah State University Faculty Honor Lectures
The Faculty Association, Utah State University
To some extent, each person is his own doctor, his own economist, his own historian, his own counselor, his own psychologist, and his own teacher.
It is said that a man who is his own lawyer has a fool for a client. Can the same be said of a man's other roles? At least for learning (which professionally intersects education and psychology) any person may have the goal of helping himself to appreciate and evaluate the role of the learning professional.
A knowledge explosion has taken place in the area of learning, as in the many fields of science in the university. It is not now a sufficient answer to teach a person "how to think" or "how to learn." We must give a guide to his selective attenion for continued study. In this way the fantastic expansion of detail may be related to "sets or structures of basic knowledge," so that the subsumptive organized pattern may give a sufficient context for adequate comprehension and evaluation.
In this presentation, we would like to name and illustrate five "dusters" of factors which are now known to influence learning behavior. Within these clusters are to be found specific independent variables now proven to affect behavior in measurable ways. These clusters include current material on environment stimulus control, readiness, aptitude, self-concept, perception, cognition, mode of attack, transfer, reinforcement, and feedback. the concept of thinking as a particularly important human behavior will be stressed.
Stone, David R., "Are Pschological Principles Useful?(A Guid to the Study of Human Learning)" (1969). Faculty Honor Lectures. Paper 72.