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Exploring How We Teach: Lived Experiences, Lessons, and Research about Graduate Instructors by Graduate Instructors


Sam Clem


Utah State University

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Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.


  • Mathematics Graduate Teaching Assistants (GTAs) play a large role in the socialization of undergraduate students of Color and thus have an impact on their sense of belonging and retention in the STEM fields.
  • GTAs occupy a unique role as agents of mathematics socialization, as they are also undergoing their own socialization as doctoral students; in many ways, these roles and this socialization processes constrain GTAs in ways that can be detrimental and marginalizing to students of Color.
  • Without being aware of the ways in which systemic racism and white supremacy operate in mathematics spaces, GTAs play a role in upholding racialized hierarchies in STEM by maintaining a culture of exclusivity and elitism in mathematics classrooms.