Objective: The purpose of this review was two-fold: (a) to understand research findings about Hispanic parents’ beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions related to hearing loss after having children who are deaf or hard of hearing, and (b) to inform future research needs that could expand audiologists’ ability to provide patient-centered care with this population.

Design: A comprehensive review of the literature was used to identify relevant articles for the review.

Study Sample: Five research articles met the inclusion criteria.

Results: Three primary themes emerged: (1) deafness causality, parents tended to describe the cause of the hearing loss in terms of religion and folk beliefs; (2) cultural attitudes, parents reported having paternalistic views related to the care of their child and experiencing community stigma, and (3) cultural values, parents described how personalism, familism, fatalism, and respect informed their perspectives.

Conclusions: This comprehensive literature review found that limited research has been done to understand beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions of Hispanic parents toward pediatric hearing loss. Synthesis of five studies revealed important cultural factors for audiologists to consider in the provision of patient-centered care. Beliefs related to the cause of hearing loss, cultural values, and integration of children within the Hispanic community, may be critical elements for audiologists to address when promoting parental engagement.