Work-Family Enrichment and Job Performance: A Constructive Replication of Affective Events Theory
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
American Psychological Association
Based on affective events theory (AET), we hypothesize a four-step model of the mediating mechanisms of positive mood and job satisfaction in the relationship between work-family enrichment and job performance. We test this model for both directions of enrichment (work-to-family and family-to-work). We used two samples to test the model using structural equation modeling. Results from Study 1, which included 240 full-time employees, were replicated in Study 2, which included 189 matched subordinate-supervisor dyads. For the work-to-family direction, results from both samples support our conceptual model and indicate mediation of the enrichment-performance relationship for the work-to-family direction of enrichment. For the family-to-work direction, results from the first sample support our conceptual model but results from the second sample do not. Our findings help elucidate mixed findings in the enrichment and job performance literatures and contribute to an understanding of the mechanisms linking these concepts. We conclude with a discussion of the practical and theoretical implications of our findings.
Carlson, D., Kacmar, M., Zivnuska, S., Ferguson, M., & Whitten, D. (2011). "Work-family enrichment and job performance: A constructive replication of affective events theory." Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 16: 297-312.