We investigate the feasibility of developing decadal prediction models for autumn rainfall ( RA ) over Central Vietnam by utilizing a published tree-ring reconstruction of October–November (ON) rainfall derived from the earlywood width measurements from a type of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga sinensis). Autumn rainfall for this region accounts for a large percentage of the annual total, and is often the source of extreme flooding. Central Vietnam’s RA along with its notable autocorrelation and significant cross-correlation with basin-wide Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) variability, to develop four discrete time-series models. The sparse autoregressive model, with Pacific SST as an external variable, accounts for most of the autoregressive RA , while taking advantage of the predictability from the basin-wide Pacific climate oscillation. Using this model, the decadal prediction of RA can be reasonably achieved with a 10-year-ahead forecasting skill score (SS) about 0.46. We therefore suggest, with this paper, that forecasting RA for Central Vietnam for multiple years ahead is possible using a time-series model.
Sun, Yan; Wang, S.-Y. (Simon); Li, Rong; Buckley, Brendan M.; Gillies, Robert R.; and Hansen, Kyle G., "Feasibility of Predicting Vietnam’s Autumn Rainfall Regime Based on the Tree-Ring Record and Decadal Variability" (2018). Mathematics and Statistics Faculty Publications. Paper 233.