Although the formation of fluid-filled, epithelial-lined cysts is a common event in a variety of tissues, the mechanisms involved are not well understood. Discussed here are means by which those mechanisms might be elucidated.
In general, there are too few data available for complete analysis of in vivo disease processes. It can be suggested only that epithelial proliferation and basement membrane growth are probably absolute requirements. Whether the forces for fluid accumulation precede or follow the stimuli for cell growth cannot be stated with certainty. On the other hand, in certain in vitro model systems the forces required to keep cyst cavities filled with fluid may be so small that cell growth, rather than fluid accumulation, seems the more likely primary event.
Welling, Larry W. and Welling, Dan J.
"Theoretical Models of Cyst Formation and Growth,"
Scanning Microscopy: Vol. 2
, Article 43.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.usu.edu/microscopy/vol2/iss2/43